Sunday, March 27, 2016
Friday, March 4, 2016
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Mark S. Wrighton|
|14th Chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis|
July 1, 1995
|Preceded by||William "Bill" H. Danforth|
|Born||Mark Stephen Wrighton
June 11, 1949 (age 66)
Jacksonville, FL, US
|Spouse(s)||Risa Zwerling Wrighton|
|Residence||St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Florida State University
California Institute of Technology
|Profession||College administrator, Chemist|
|Website||Office of the Chancellor of Washington University in St
Early life and educationBorn in Jacksonville, Florida, Wrighton grew up in Tennessee, where his father worked at the Naval Air Station in Memphis. As a child, Mark Wrighton enjoyed playing with a home chemistry set (and destroyed his bedroom floor in the process).
He intended to take mathematics and government at Florida State University. Instead, inspired by his freshman chemistry professor, Jack Saltiel, he rapidly switched his major to chemistry. Wrighton received his Bachelor's degree with honors in Chemistry at Florida State University in 1969, winning the Monsanto Chemistry Award for outstanding research. He received his PhD in 1972 at the age of 22 from the California Institute of Technology, working under Harry B. Gray and George S. Hammond. His doctoral dissertation subject was Photoprocesses in Metal-Containing Molecules. At Caltech he became the first recipient of the Herbert Newby McCoy Award.
Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyWrighton joined the faculty of the chemistry department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the fall of 1972 as an assistant professor. In 1976, he was promoted to associate professor and was made a full professor the following year, 1977. Wrighton held the Frederick G. Keyes Chair in Chemistry from 1981 to 1989, when he was given the newly endowed Ciba-Geigy Chair in Chemistry. In 1983, he received a MacArthur Foundation "genius grant."
Wrighton sees his role as a chemist as discovering and understanding new things about matter and nature, to lay the basic groundwork so that people can make future prudent choices about technology. He is interested in studying complex systems, where the entire system must be examined to gain full understanding of phenomena. Such research is often multidisciplinary. One such areas is micro-electronics, where molecular materials can be combined "to achieve functions analogous to either biological systems or solid-state electronic systems." His research interests are centered on photochemistry and transition metal catalysis, and include surface chemistry, molecular electronics and photoprocesses at electrodes. His goals include understanding the basic principles underlying the conversion of solar energy to chemical fuels and electricity, creating new catalysts, studying chemical activity at interfaces, and developing new electro-chemical devices.
Wrighton has carried out landmark work in the areas of inorganic photochemistry, photocatalysis and the use of solar energy in photovoltaics. In the early 1970s he discovered photoluminescence in a new class of rhenium (I) tricarbonyl diimine complexes. In the 1980s he and his co-workers developed molecule-based transistors using shadow deposition techniques to create polyaniline layers on Au electrodes. Wrighton was one of the first researchers to introduce the idea of electrochemical gating as a way of controlling charge transport in molecular electronics. One of his later areas of research involved attempting to chemically mimic photosynthesis.
He has written more than 300 journal articles and holds at least 16 patents. He is co-author of Organometallic Photochemistry (1979, with Gregory L. Geoffrey), and editor of books and conference proceedings. During his time at MIT, Wrighton supervised the doctoral research of more than 70 students. In 1987, Wrighton became the head of MIT's chemistry department. He became MIT's provost in 1990.
Washington University in St. LouisIn 1995, he left MIT to become chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis. The new position required him to give up an active research career. He is among the highest paid university heads in the United States, making $738,000 in 2007. In early 2007 Wrighton was mentioned as a candidate for Harvard University's presidency.
As chancellor, he led an ambitious capital campaign and university reorganization process which resulted in the creation of 165 new endowed professorships, as well curriculum reform. In recognition of his achievements, he was elected chairman of the Association of American Universities. He is also a past chair of the Business-Higher Education Forum.
Wrighton was criticized in May 2008 when the university's Board of Trustees voted to honor alumna Phyllis Schlafly with an honorary doctorate, leading to outrage from liberals opposed to her stance on gender issues and from many other members of the university community opposed to her disbelief in evolution. Wrighton distanced himself from the board's decision with a letter to the community disavowing Schlafly's views on science.
National science policyWrighton has served as a presidential appointee to the National Science Board (2000-2006), which acts as science policy advisor to the President and Congress and the National Science Foundation.
While at Washington University in St. Louis, Wrighton was one of the signees of a letter from the Association of American Universities, urging all representatives of the U.S. Government to vote in favor of H.R. 810, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005. With leaders at three other Missouri universities, Wrighton wrote in support of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) research for medical treatment, urging Missouri legislators to distinguish it from the use of stem cells for human reproductive cloning.
short story slam week 40: the wishes from dandelion flower or a lady bug
a boat in your colorful bubble soap
what a fun dream that goes afloat
a green dot ball in art and drawing
what a song to the eyes and ears and in between
harry potter is prince charming at large
london, j. k. rowling has big and fancy imagination
John Hancock is proud of Handcock tower
Amrita Hari-Raj feels powerful about Saint Louis from George Washington
Western union and freedom ribbon
a boat, or a ship is a door to the wild,
a college is a way to get educated
Although Janaki Bakhle enjoys Morton Schapiro's woman,
Sadie Wrighton and Mark Ritten gets pay checks from Rachel Owen
lots of birds fly south and return,
music strings breathe fresh air to entertain
let the porridge be cooked
let Braxton, Chris, Neel, Trenton, O'Neil, and Max get accepted
don't try to think that only your words count
we do count backing up strength and fly smooth
relatives want to win fame,
benefits are divided over and over in Missouri oven
let it flow, Mark Wrighton, Risa Zwerling Wrighton, Elisha Wrighton, James Wrighton,
let it follow, Eric Wood, Aime Wood, Abbey Wood, Thomas Wood, Steve Wood,
let people sing, Joseph Singer, Martha Minow Singer, and Mira Singer
let wishes come true, Victor Carl Page, Gloria Page, and Larry Page
may more crows join
that is why we post Burns Hargis, Ann Hargis, and Lucas Smeltzer Hargis
who is the boss,
who swing the ropes?
life is always well beatten and well deserving
due to stress, rule, law, and individual opinions, we all stand tall, spin at unique location
H is for Hanhcock Tower, Hari-Raj Amrita, harry potter
unusual boat style...
Black & White Wednesday ~ Buds